Decline of Royal Navy frigate and destroyer strength 1983-2013

‘Were I to die at this moment “want of frigates” would be found stamped on my heart.’ Horatio Nelson, 1798.

In 1983, 30-years ago (which scarcely seems credible to this old fart), in the midst of the it-seemed-hot-enough-at-the-time Cold War, in the immediate aftermath of the Falklands Conflict, the Royal Navy planned for a force of 50 frigates and destroyers (HC Deb 28 November 1983 vol 49 cc661-737).

HMS Achilles (F12) Leander-class frigate at HMNB Portsmouth, 1983.

In 1993, post Cold War, already in draw down and reaping the so-called peace dividend, the Royal Navy was facing reductions to a force of 40 frigates and destroyers (HC Deb 25 February 1993 vol 219 c717W).

HMS Amazon (F169) Type 21 frigate sold to Pakistan as PNS Babur (D182) in 1993.

By 2003, in the midst of the Global War on Terror and with the Iraq War coming to the fore, the force had been reduced to 31 frigates and destroyers… of which only 26 were operational (HC Deb 12 May 2003 vol 405 cc47-50W).

HMS Glasgow (D88) Type 42 destroyer at HMNB Portsmouth, 2003. Copyright Kev Slade.

Today, 2013, realpolitik, Spain rattles its sabres over Gibraltar, Argentina remains bellicose over the Falklands, there is continued instability in Libya, Syria and Egypt, there are standing demands for counter-narcotics patrols in the Caribbean and counter-piracy patrols off the coast of East Africa, and the war of terror continues, and there is always the need for a Fleet Ready Escort… well… we’re down to just 19 frigates and destroyers (13 surviving Type 23, 5 Type 45 in commission, 1 Type 45 undergoing sea trials).

HMS Dragon (D35) Type 45 destroyer, off Gibraltar, 2013. Crown copyright.

Just 19. And not a single Type 26 on order. Talked about, but not ordered. Spec’d, but not ordered. Number to be purchased undecided.

Type 26 Global Combat Ship (Copyright © 2013 BAE Systems)

Type 26 Global Combat Ship. (Copyright © 2013 BAE Systems)

I don’t want to think about how things will be in 2023.

OTDIH 16 August 1943

70-years ago today…

USS Hill (DE 141) an Edsall-class destroyer escort built by Consolidated Steel, Orange, Tx, was commissioned into the United States Navy, Lt. Cdr. G. R. Keating, USN commanding.

USS Intrepid (CV 11) an Essex-class aircraft carrier built by Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. was commissioned into the United States Navy, Capt. Thomas Lamison Sprague, USN commanding. Decommissioned in 1972, the Intrepid has been a museum ship in New York City since 1982.

USS Intrepid (CV 11)

HMS Capel (K 470) a Captain-class frigate built at Boston Navy Yard was commissioned into the Royal Navy, Lt. Bevil Grenfell Heslop, RN commanding.

USS J. R. Y. Blakely (DE 140) an Edsall-class destroyer built by Consolidated Steel, Orange, Tx was commissioned into the United States Navy, Cmdr. John H. Forshew, USN commanding.

USS Sloat (DE 245) an Edsall-class destroyer escort built by Brown Shipbuilding, Houston, Tx was commissioned into the United States Navy, Lt. Cdr. Edmund Ernest Garcia, USN commanding.

USS Welles (DD 628) a Bristol-class destroyer built by Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding was commissioned into the United States Navy, Lt. Cdr. Doyle Murray Coffee, USN commanding. Named after Gideon Welles, Lincoln’s Secretary of the Navy throughout the Civil War.

USS Welles (DD 628)