Peaceful Coexistence

Given the furor over Vladimir Putin’s irredentist claims to Crimea, Novorossiya, Narva, et al, there has been a great deal of rumbling  about “a return to the Cold War” and a great deal of inflammatory language by Western politicians (Obama, McCain) who should know better. This represents an abject failure of diplomacy and a complete misunderstanding of how to deal with the Russian bear. Perhaps a view from 1976 will clear up the matter. We simply have to substitute the world “Soviet” for “Russian.”

The Meanings of ‘Peaceful Coexistence’
IT IS SAID, correctly, that the Soviet perception of “peaceful coexistence” is not the same as ours, that Soviet policies aim at the furthering of Soviet objectives. In a world of nuclear weapons capable of destroying mankind, in a century which has seen resort to brutal force on an unprecedented scale and intensity, in an age of ideology which turns the domestic policies of nations into issues of international contention, the problem of peace takes on a profound moral and practical difficulty. But the issue, surely, is not whether peace and stability serve Soviet purposes, but whether they also serve our own. Constructive actions in Soviet policy are desirable whatever the Soviet motives. [From an address by the U. S. Secretary of State].
HENRY A. KISSINGER

Source: Kissinger, Henry A. “The Meanings of ‘Peaceful Coexistence.'” The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 35, no. 1 (January 1976): 8. Accessed
March 21, 2014. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3485130.

Russia’s new Borei-class submarines may enter service without fuctioning Bulava missiles

If the SS-NX-32 Bulava missile isn’t ready in time (how’s that testing going, Volodya?) then the Russian Navy will commission its new Borei-class submarines as “multi-purpose attack submarines” armed with conventional weapons. Why they don’t simply retrofit SS-N-23 Sineva missile is anyone’s guess.

АПЛ “Борей” смогут временно выполнять задачи многоцелевых подлодок

Как сообщил высокопоставленный представитель Генштаба, это возможно за счет применения штатных торпед и ракето-торпед на борту, а не баллистических ракет “Булава”.

© РИА Новости. Сергей Гунеев

МОСКВА, 1 ноя — РИА Новости. Стратегические атомные подводные лодки (АПЛ) класса “Борей” “Александр Невский” и “Владимир Мономах” (проект 955) могут быть приняты ВМФ РФ не на вооружение, а в опытовую эксплуатацию и выполнять задачи в качестве многоцелевых ударных субмарин.

Как сообщил РИА Новости в пятницу высокопоставленный представитель Генштаба, это возможно за счет применения штатных торпед и ракето-торпед на борту, а не баллистических ракет “Булава”.

Головная лодка этого проекта “Юрий Долгорукий” была принята на вооружение ВМФ в конце 2012 года. Однако после неудачного последнего пуска штатного ударного оружия этой лодки — баллистической ракеты “Булава” — 6 сентября министр обороны Сергей Шойгу принял решение приостановить принятие этих лодок на вооружение и провести пять дополнительных пусков этих ракет.

Между тем первые две серийные лодки этого проекта “Александр Невский” уже фактически готовы и планируются к передаче флоту до конца этого года.

“Стратегические подводные лодки “Борей” в рабочем порядке могут выполнять функции многоцелевых лодок за счет другого штатного оружия на борту — торпед и ракето-торпед. Ведь доктор технических наук может преподавать в школе арифметику”, — сказал собеседник агентства.

По его словам, такое временное решение может быть принято в связи с тем, что фактически АПЛ “Александр Невский” готова, и к самой лодке замечаний нет. “Значит, экипаж может отрабатывать в море и другие учебно-боевые задачи до решения всех технических вопросов с “Булавой””, — сказал представитель Генштаба.

Он напомнил, что головная дизель-электрическая подлодка “Санкт-Петербург” была принята в опытовую эксплуатацию еще в 2010 году и до сих пор находится в этой статусе, а не в боевом составе флота. Сейчас она проходит испытания на Северном флоте.

http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20131101/974145831.html

Russian submarine, already 20-years old, finally moves towards final sea trials

The Severodvinsk (K-329) is a Yasen-class (Project 885) attack submarine designed in the waning days of the Soviet Union and laid down in 1993. Yes, folks… 1993. The keel on this boat is already 20-years old and it hasn’t been accepted into service yet. Budget constraints and technical snafus have resulted in this Cold War behemoth spending 20-years in various states of construction and testing. The current plan (subject to further cock-ups) is to commission the Severodvinsk in December 2013. Вопросы есть? Вопросов нет!

АПЛ “Северодвинск” в скоро приступит к госиспытаниям в Белом море

Ранее в СМИ появлялись сообщения, что ВМФ РФ якобы отказывается принять АПЛ “Северодвинск” в свой состав в этом году из-за технических проблем. В ОСК эти сведения опровергали.

© РИА Новости. Владимир Родионов

МОСКВА, 28 окт — РИА Новости. Головная многоцелевая атомная подлодка (АПЛ) “Северодвинск” (проект 885, шифр “Ясень”) в ближайшее время начнет государственные испытания в Белом море, сообщает пресс-служба “ПО Севмаш” в понедельник.

Ранее в СМИ появлялись сообщения, что ВМФ РФ якобы отказывается принять АПЛ “Северодвинск” в свой состав в этом году из-за технических проблем. В ОСК эти сведения опровергали.

“”Северодвинск” приступает к государственным морским “экзаменам””, — говорится в сообщении. На предприятии не уточнили дату выхода лодки в Белое море.

Как сообщил ранее генконструктор КБ “Малахит” (разработчик этих АПЛ) Владимир Пялов, подлодка после проведения успешных госиспытаний должна быть принята на вооружение до 25 декабря 2013 года.

В настоящее время на заводе “Севмаш” в Северодвинске строится вторая подлодка проекта 885 — “Казань”. Ее передача флоту запланирована на 2015 год. Третья лодка “Новосибирск” заложена в 2013 году.

http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20131028/973166957.html

India to Take Possession of Aircraft Carrier INS Vikramaditya November 16

Peace and Freedom

A ceremony to hand over the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya (former cruiser Admiral Gorshkov) to the Indian Navy will be held at the    military shipyard Sevmash in the city of Severodvinsk, Northern  Russia, on November 16, the press service of the shipyard told  Itar-Tass on Wednesday.

Itar-Tass

“High on the agenda of the ceremony are a festive line formation of Russian and Indian Guards of Honour, the   hoisting of the flag of the  Indian Navy and the signing of   official documents,” the press service  said.

The forming of the Vikramaditya crew for a voyage to India is about to complete. According to sources, about 200 naval sailors arrived in the city of Severodvinsk from India in October, about 100 more naval  sailors will arrive   in the Russian city within next few days. During  the voyage specialists from the trial crew of the Sevmash shipyard will be on duty onboard The Vikramaditya.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin noted that   The  Vikramaditya will be…

View original post 441 more words

Russia to hand over first submarine to Vietnam in November

Submarine Diary

 Admiralty Shipyards this year will hand over to the Vietnam Navy, the first of the six diesel-electric submarines of Project 636 Varshavyanka.

submarine, russia, vietnam, navy, kilo class
Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung visited the 636 Kilo class submarine named “Hanoi” of Vietnam’s navy during his visit to Russia

The first of the six submarines of project 636, built at the Admiralty Shipyard has passed the tests successfully

“The tests have been completed. The delivery of product signing is scheduled in early November this year. In late January 2014, the submarine will be sent to Cam Ranh and the final minutes of the receipt of goods will be signed,” a spokesman for the shipyard said.

Earlier, the “Kanwa Defense Review” magazine, dated November, made an exclusive interview with Deputy Director of RUBUN Design Bureau (Russia), Mr. Andrey Baranov, who said that the manufacturing of the six Kilo 636 class submarines for Vietnam was progressing very smoothly.

View original post 49 more words

India to lease 2nd nuclear submarine from Russia

Under the deal, India would provide funds to restart construction on the Akula I attack boat Iribis that was laid down at the Amur shipyard in 1994 and had its construction halted in 1996 at 42% completion due to lack of funds. (The “mighty Soviet navy” being neither mighty, nor Soviet, nor barely a navy in those days.)

India may finalize deal to lease second nuclear submarine from Russia during PM’s visit

NEW DELHI: Faced with a depleting fleet of submarines, India is expected to acquire on lease a nuclear submarine from Russia, a deal for which may be finalized during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit there starting on Sunday.

The move to acquire the second nuclear submarine from Russia comes two months after the Navy’s frontline Russian-origin Kilo Class INS Sindhurakshak submarine sank at the Mumbai harbour after an explosion suspected to have occurred in its torpedo section.

A proposal in this regard was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Security headed by the Prime Minister in its recent meeting. The deal is expected to cost India more than Rs 6,000 crore, highly-placed government sources told PTI.

The Indian Navy is already operating one Akula II Class nuclear submarine — Nerpa. The over 8,000-tonne warship was inducted in April last year at the Visakhapatnam-based Eastern Naval Command and renamed ‘INS Chakra’.

Under the project, India is planning to finance the construction of an old Akula Class submarine ‘Irbis’ in Russia, which could not be completed during the 1990s due to the lack of funds after the break up of the erstwhile USSR.

The two countries have been holding negotiations in this regard for quite some time and they were concluded recently. The construction of the submarine is expected to take at least three to four years.

India’s submarine fleet, which is getting old, suffered a huge blow after the sinking of the INS Sindhurakshak at the Mumbai harbour, killing all the 18 people on-board.

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-10-20/india/43220501_1_akula-ii-class-ins-sindhurakshak-submarine

Don’t expect the Northern Sea Route to be croweded any time soon

Although it’s possible to pilot large cargo vessels through Arctic Waters, there are a number of reasons why it is not particularly attractive to operators. You know… icebergs an’ all that. Getting insurance can be a bit of a bugger, too.

Arctic Shipping Route Plagued by Icebergs and Insurance

The new shipping route opened up through the Arctic by climate change will not be crowded any time soon.

Cargoes of coal, diesel and gas have made the trip but high insurance costs, slow going and strict environmental rules mean there will not be a rush to follow them.

Looser ice means icebergs. One vessel has already been holed, and large ice breaking vessels, not always on hand, are a must.

“Significant safety and navigational concerns remain an obstacle to commercial shipping in the Northern Sea route, despite recent media reports of ‘successful’ transits,” said Richard Hurley, a senior analyst at shipping intelligence publisher IHS Maritime.

“AIS (ship) tracking of vessels in the area shows all vessels are subject to deviation from direct routes as a result of ice, and many areas still cannot be navigated safely without the presence of large icebreakers able to provide assistance such as lead through to clearer waters.”

Last month, a dry bulk vessel carrying coal from Canada passed through the Northwest Passage to deliver a cargo to Finland, in a trip its operators said would save $80,000 worth of fuel and cut shipping time by a week.

The world’s top oil trader Vitol brought tankers in October with Asian diesel to Europe via the Northern Sea route over Russia, potentially saving hundreds of thousands of dollars in costs.

The fast-growing liquefied natural gas market, in which Arctic players like Russia and Norway play a big role, has also seen maiden Arctic voyages.

Hurley said the passage of the Yong Sheng cargo vessel in August from China to Europe via the Northern Sea was only possible with the aid of the world’s largest nuclear powered icebreaker, 50 Let Pobedy, to get it through the Lapatev Sea. Ship tracking showed only four large icebreakers were available at any one time to cover the whole Northern sea route.

Separately, a small Russian oil products tanker was holed in September in the Kara Sea, also off Russia.

“Even though damage was minimal and did not cause a pollution incident, the holing revealed fragility of emergency help,” Hurley said. “Taken together, all the inherent dangers and concerns over potential Arctic pollution count heavily against time and cost savings alone when assessing the commercial viability of the seaway.”

INSURANCE AND CONTAINERS

The market is also still nascent for insurers.

“The key obstacle here will remain the insurance, as it’s still simply too risky a proposition for standard commercial insurers,” said Michael Frodl of U.S.-based consultancy C-Level Maritime Risks, who advises insurers.

“The ships aren’t ready, the support facilities and port infrastructure are not yet in place, and the risks haven’t been figured out enough to price insurance correctly.”

Others say the commercial potential is unlikely to be viable for container ships, which transport consumer goods, partly as trade flows develop beyond China in coming decades towards other regions including Africa and South America.

“The further away global trade moves from a totally China-centric export pattern, the more a short ‘polar’ route looses its appeal,” said Jan Tiedemann, shipping analyst with consultancy Alphaliner.

“The Southern route – even if longer – will always have the advantage of serving numerous markets at the same time. Think of the Middle East. Think of transshipment via the (Malacca) Straits to Australia and New Zealand. Think of transshipment in Arabia for East Africa. Think of Med and Black Sea loops.”

Until recent years harsh weather conditions, which can drop to 40 to 50 degrees centigrade below zero, had limited Arctic shipping mostly to small freighters and ice-breakers that supplied northern communities in Canada, Norway or Russia.

According to French ship classification society Bureau Veritas, there were 40 Arctic route trading voyages in 2012 for all vessel classes including oil tankers, with around one million tonnes of cargo moved. That compared with 700 million tonnes transported through the Suez canal.

Knut Espen Solberg of Norwegian shipping and offshore classification group Det Norske Veritas, said dry bulk vessels carrying coal were best suited for Arctic shipping as the potential for environmental potential was less.

“Oil and container spills have a much bigger potential environmental impact than coal, so their shipping is likely to be restricted heavily,” said Solberg, a former Arctic mariner.

http://www.maritime-executive.com/article/Arctic-Shipping-Route-Plagued-by-Icebergs-and-Insurance-2013-10-15/